Daniel Biss is a famous young mathematican who currently holds a position as Professor of Mathematics at the University of Chicago. Biss did his undergraduate work at Harvard University then his doctorate in mathematics at M.I.T. Biss is well-known for showing that the tangent bundle of a smooth manifold can be encapsulated in the combinatorial language of oriented matroids. However, a serious problem was found in that work: http://front.math.ucdavis.edu/0709.1291.
Biss is currently the leading democratic candidate for the State Representative seat for the 17th District in Illinois.